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Kidney Problems and Cures | Knowledge Facts

Kidney Stones [Problem]

Stony materials are found in kidney and they can cause urinary urinary obstruction and are generally complicated  by infections.These stones have classified chemical nature.These are formed in metabolic disease,hypercalcemia  i.e high level of circulating calcium in blood because of other diseases. Hyperoxaluria i.e higher blood level of oxalates is other contributing factor in the formation of calcium oxalate stones. 

Kidney Problems


Oxalates are present in green vegetables and tomatoes therefore may be the source of hyperoxaluria.The incidence of calcium oxalate type  stones are 70 percent of all the kidney stones.The incidence of other types of calcium phosphate and the uric acid is 15 percent respectively.These salts are precipated out during urine formation and accumulate later to form stone.

Lithotrispy [Cure]

The Kidney stones have been removed by kidney  surgery.Presently lithotrispy is used for non surgical removal of kidney stone.It is a technique to used break up stones in kidney,ureter or gall bladder.There are several ways to do it,although the most common is extracorporeal shock wave lithotrispy. High concentration of x-rays or ultra sound are directed from a machine  outside the body to the  stone inside.The shock waves break the stones in tiny pieces  or into sand,which are passed out of the body in urine.

Renal Failure [Problem]

Various factors  of pathological and chemical nature may progressively destroy the nephron, progressively its glomerular part.This results in increase in the plasma level of urea and other nitrogenous wastes.The rise in urea cause complications of increase in blood pressure and anemia etc.
In chronic renal failure,the function of the kidney is completely lost and is unable to remove nitrogenous waste.To remove it,the blood of the patient is treated through dialysis.

Dialysis [Cure]

In Dialysis,the blood is cleaned  by passing it through an artificial kidney  or by filtering it within the abdomen.The wastes and excess water are removed during the treatment as is done by the healthy kidneys.There are two types of dialysis ; Hemodialysis and Poritoneal dialysis.

Hemodialysis  means cleaning the blood.In this procedure,blood is circulated through a  machine which contain a dialyzer also called an artificial kidney. Dialyzer  has two spaces separated by thin membrane.Blood passes the one side of the membrane dialysis fluid on the other.The wastes and excess water pass from the blood through the membrane into the dialysis fluid.

Poritoneal dialysis on the same principle except that  abdomen has a peritoneal cavity.lined by a thin epithelium called peritoneum.Peritoneal cavity  is filled with dialysis fluid that enters a body through a  catheter.Excess water and wastes pass through the peritoneum into the dialysis fluid.This process is repeated several times a day. Dialyzer  is a kidney machine that works on the same principle as in the
 kindy for the removal of nitrogenous wastes and excess water from blood.It used after kidney failure  and dialysis is done again and again until a matching donor's kidney  is transplanted. 

Kidney Transplant [Cure]

Dialysis may be used as a temporary measure.In high degree renal failure also called as uremia or end-stage renal disease,the dialysis cannot be done hence that surgical transplantation of a matching donor's kidney is the only option left for as the permanent treatment.
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